Leander (/lindr/lee-AN-dr) is a city in Williamson and Travis counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 37,889 at the 2016 census estimate  It is the fourth fastest-growing city in the state of Texas, a suburb just north of Austin, and is part of the Greater Austin metropolitan area. Leander was established in 1882 on land sold by the Austin and Northwestern Railroad Co. to prospective citizens. The town was named in honor of Leander "Catfish" Brown, one of the railroad officials responsible for the completion of the line. It was near Leander that the Leanderthal Lady, a skeleton dating back 10,000 to 13,000 years, was discovered; the site was one of the earliest intact burials found in the United States.